About Raipur

About Raipur

Brief History of Raipur

Raipur is an important location from archeological and historical point of view. History of Raipur dates back to ancient times when it was a part of southern Koshala. After that it became part of Mauryan Empire. Raipur used to be the capital of the Kalchuri kings belonging to Haihaya Dynasty that for long held controlled the traditional forts of the Chhattisgarh . The town of Raipur has been in existence since 9th century AD. It was founded by the Kalchuri king Ram Chandra of Raipur in the last quarter of the 14th century AD. The Bhosle kings ruled here for a brief period before the land was passed on to the hands of the British. After independence it was included in Central Provinces and Berar. When Chhattisgarh came into existence, Raipur became its capital. One can explore the old site and ruins of the fort in the southern part of the city

Geography & Climate of Raipur

Raipur is located in the fertile plains of the Chhattisgarh region. Situated between 22°33'N and 21°14'N latitude and 82°6'E to 81°38'E longitude it is surrounded by Bilaspur in the North, Durg in the West , Bastar in the South and Raigarh in the East. It occupies the south eastern part of the upper Mahanadi valley and hills in the south and east. It is thus divided into two major physical divisions, viz. the Chhattisgarh plain and the hilly areas. The main river of Raipur is Mahanadi. Sendur, Pairy, Sondur, Joan, Kharun and Shivnath are its tributaries. Raipur owes its fertile lands to these rivers. Raipur has a tropical wet and dry climate with summer season hot and humid. So tourists should avoid going in April and May. The best time to visit this place is January when the temperature hovers around 5°C and it's relatively cool. One must however try visiting this place in the month of July to see and experience the rainy season here. The Bastar region has the world's broadest rainfall called Chitrakut.

Fairs and Festivals in Raipur

This culturally rich place holds a number of fairs and festivals round the year in different parts of Raipur and the state of Chhattisgarh. Some of them are the Sirpur Dance and Music Festival, the First Fruits Festival, the Earth Festival, Teeja Festival, Pola Festival. Champaran Mela is held every year in the month of January and February. The mela attracts Vaishnavs from all over the country.

Transportation in Raipur

Raipur City Bus Limited (RCBL) launched by Raipur Municipal Corporation operates regular bus services connecting one part of the city to another. The bus services are perfect for intra-city travel. Tuktuks & Auto-rickshaws are available all over the city. A number of new city buses have been inducted by Raipur Nagar Nigam Transport Limited (RNNTL) under JNNURM which serve Raipur and connect Naya Raipur too.

Raipur at a glance

Country : India
State : Chhattisgarh
District : Raipur
Languages : Chhattisgarhi, Hindi, English
PIN : 492001
Telephone code : 0771
Location: 22°33'N and 21°14'N latitude and 82°6'E to 81°38'E longitude
Climate : Humid subtropical climate

Chhattisgarh Attractions